The Numbers section

What a Waste!
Every day in Hong Kong we throw away…


References and notes


HKEPD (2019). Monitoring of Solid Waste in Hong Kong Waste Statistics for 2018. Retrieved from:


Green Earth (2019). Retrieved from: version only)


Ocean Park Conservation Foundation Hong Kong (2019). Why No Straw? Retrieved from:


One 1.5 litre PET plastic bottle weighs 30 grams


Municipal solid waste (MSW) includes domestic waste, commercial waste and industrial waste, but not construction waste, medical waste or hazardous waste.


Hong Kong MSW: 2.1 kilograms per capita per day; global average MSW: 0.74 kilograms per capita per day


The World Bank (2018). What a Waste 2.0: A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050. Retrieved from:


Niccolucci, V, Botto, S, Rugani, B, Nicolardi, V, Bastianoni, S and Gaggi, C (2011). The real water consumption behind drinking water: The case of Italy, Journal of Environmental Management,vol. 92, pp. 2611-18.


It requires 14ml of petroleum to produce a plastic bag. Source: Green Power. ‘Plastic Bag Culture’ in Hong Kong. Retrieved from:


The University of Southern Indiana. Paper Recycling Facts. Retrieved from:


Victoria State Government. Plastic Straw. Retrieved from:

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related to this article include:

Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Goal 13: Climate Actions

Take urgent action to combat climate change and reduce its impacts

JC-CUHK Climate Action The Chinese University of Hong Kong logo Museum of Climate Change The Hong Kong Jockey Club logo